Obadiah, book of

Obadiah, book of
One of the Minor Prophecies in the OT, though nothing is known of the prophet himself. It is the shortest book in the OT; perhaps placed fourth in its group in order to follow immediately the reference to edom [[➝ Edomites]] in Amos (9:12). It is a sustained execration of the Edomites for joining the enemies of Judah in sacking Jerusalem. The situation seems to be the siege of Jerusalem by the Babylonians in 586 and the bitterness of the prophecy is aggravated by the kinship of the Edomites to the people of Israel (Obad. 12); the Edomites were descended from Esau (Gen. 36:9), the brother of Jacob (Israel), and they occupied the land later called Idumaea. The freshness of the denunciation argues for a date of composition not far off 586 BCE, and certainly before Edom was occupied by the Nabataeans in the 4th cent.
Obad. does not have any hint of the duty of a gentile [[➝ Gentiles]] mission, as Jonah does; but the threat of vengeance which is its theme is ascribed to the hand of God (Obad. 21), who is absolute Justice (Obad. 8), rather than being wrought by the injured people, and ‘Edom’ could indeed stand for all the similar evils perpetrated by human beings.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Obadiah, Book of — ▪ Old Testament also spelled  Abdias,         the fourth of 12 Old Testament books that bear the names of the Minor Prophets, in the Jewish canon treated as one book, The Twelve. Obadiah, with only one chapter consisting of 21 verses, is the… …   Universalium

  • Obadiah, Book of —    Consists of one chapter, concerning Edom, its impending doom (1:1 16), and the restoration of Israel (1:17 21). This is the shortest book of the Old Testament.    There are on record the account of four captures of Jerusalem, (1) by Shishak in …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

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